Being able to attend a conference or two a year is a great privilege, especially knowing that so many librarians struggle with an almost impossible budget that leaves them unable to attend any such arenas. Whenever I feel a little demotivated, perhaps due to stress or overload, I think of my next conference. This year, the LILAC conference couldn`t have come at a better time. It has been a crazy, crazy busy year, and that has led to less blogging, less learning and more repetitive teaching for me. I needed something to inspire me again..
LILAC (Librarians` information literacy annual conference) is, as the name suggests, an annual conference for librarians involved with information literacy. The last time I attended was in 2012, and I think I walked around with a big smile on my face the entire time. I still think of some of the things I learned at that conference. I was so excited when I got the funding for LILAC again this year (..though getting to Sheffield proved to be an ordeal..).
Anyway. Some notes and thoughts from day 1 of the conference:
Using reflection as a tool to change and improve teaching practice. Too often, we focus on the negative experiences – the things that did not go as planned or that did not work, but that is not necessarily all we should focus on. Donald Schön wrote about “reflection in action” and “reflection on action”. “Reflection in action” is about changing things as you teach. It can be when you see that students are confused or overwhelmed, or when they don`t understand what you are talking about – you make a change and explain things in a different way or use an assignment or similar. “Reflection on action” refers to the post-teaching assessment. We can learn from both of these (“in action” and “on action”). Reflection is a good way to learn, and it can help us manage personal and professional development, stress etc.
Inquiry-based learning is student centered learning; learning by asking questions. It is based on constructivism and it can be a good tool in information literacy training, e.g. by analysing an article they are interested in, interviewing fellow students about their information needs, searching and presenting etc.
Sen and McKinney let us (the delegates) try one of their reflective exercises. We were handed a sheet with three boxes. In box 1, we were supposed to describe a recent teaching experience, pure descriptive, in 5 minutes. Then discuss our experience with the person sitting next to us. Afterwords, in box 2, we could reflect on our experience and try to think about what happened, how it made us feel, how it affected others and what we learned from the experience. We could also write something about what changes we would like to do and what impact these changes could have. These reflections were shared with the person sitting next to us, and the other person could ask questions or share his/her own thoughts on your reflections. Box 3 was to help us think about inquiry-based learning (IBL) by choosing one or two aspects of IBL and trying to identify where improvements could be made (still based on the experience from box 1). It was a very interesting exercise.
Sen and McKinney talked about how important it is that we teach our students to really reflect, because most of them (and us) only ever write descriptively. Many therefore, remain on the surface of things instead of digging deep. Reflection can help us discover the deeper issues of teaching and learning. Jenny Moon`s (2007) model of reflection shows four levels: Descriptive writing, descriptive writing with some reflection, reflective writing 1 and reflective writing 2. The goal is to get to the top level (reflective writing 2).
I think I`ll start using Sen and McKinney`s template with the three boxes a little more, even start a reflective journal perhaps – just to track my own teaching more. Maybe I`ll discover something that I can change and improve? I think so.
Moon, J. (2007) Getting the measure of reflection. In: Journal of Radiotherapy (6), pp. 191-200
Jane Secker (who won the Information Literacy Award this year, btw. Well done!) from London School of Economics and editor of Journal of Information Literacy (JIL) and Cathie Jackson from JIL talked about how to get things published in JIL. It was a very good session for those of us who are thinking about maybe writing something for JIL. Main points made by Secker and Jackson were:
- Read the author guidelines
- Make sure that your article is related to information literacy
- Originality is important
- Proof read before submission
- Blank our your name, name of institution etc. before submission (due to peer review process)
- Use relevant literature and place your own work in that scope + reference right
- Use the template that is posted on their website, remove EndNote formatting etc. before submission
The title of the keynote was “Information science and the 10 cultures”. The title alludes to the old joke: “There are only 10 kinds of people in the world; those who understand binary and those who don`t”. (10 is binary for the arabic number 2, for those who are in the second group here). I must admit this keynote went a little over my head, or maybe just in one ear and out the other. Thompson did ask some fundamental questions, though, like “Who decides our future?”. Thompson talked about the industrial revolution vs. the scientific revolution, and used Snow as an example of someone who foresaw that the scientific revolution would be even more important to the human race than the industrial revolution. Thompson made the point that we all should understand code (and referred to the Heartbleed fiasco). We don`t all have to be programmers, Thompson explained, but we all have to understand the basics so that we understand what happens with our personal information etc. Those who rule the bits, rule the world, Thomson said.
At Kent State University in Ohio they have started a “plagiarism school” (shouldn`t it be the “anti-plagiarism school”, btw?:), a program done on individual basis for all who get caught plagiarising. There is communication between teacher, student and librarian. The teacher can decide whether to let the student hand in the assignment again, fail the student for the assignment, the course or the semester. The “plagiarism school” consists of a session where the student is taken through the university policy on plagiarism, a review of the paper that the student had handed in, common mistakes (citations etc), case studies (help the students see what is considered plagiarism and what is not) and they get “homework” (usually correction a couple of pages of the assignment that they had handed in or analysing a couple of articles and writing a reflective essay about it).
Many librarians ask themselves if they are qualified to handle these kind of courses. Some are ok with teaching how to avoid plagiarism, while others have reservations. Many are also asking how much time librarians should spend on this, because if there are many students each semester it can become very time consuming (as it is done on individual level – due to privacy issues).
Earp noted that many teachers use plagiarism charges as an excuse for punishment, and that many hardly ever mentions it in class other than as a punitive measure. “If it`s that important, why don`t they talk to us about it?”, a student had asked. Good question.
Carbery and Leahy wanted to find out more about the impact their instruction had on their students, and they used rubrics and citation analysis. They wanted to base their assessment on real student coursework (=authentic assessment) instead of standardised tests and worksheets made by librarians.
Carbery and Leahy have made a checklist that use for analysing the students`bibliographies, and they discovered that students use a large variety of library resources, but that they rely very heavily on online sources, and they do not know the difference between a primary and a secondary source.
The main problem is not to find things, but what to do with the information. We can spend less time showing them how to use the databases and more time teaching them how to use the information they find.
And this concluded my first day at LILAC14. The other blog posts from the conference will be shorter – promise!
Very nice, informal networking event on Wednesday night:)